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ETEEAP
Philippines

ETEEAP and ALS

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ETEEAP was introduced by the Philippine government purposely for Filipinos who were forced forego their college or university education due to circumstances beyond their control. It was  established by the Executive Order Number 330 (EO#330) signed by former Philippine President Fidel V. Ramos on May 10, 1996. But there was a precursor to the ETEEAP.

Prior to the signing of EO#330 was a part of the 1987 Philippine Constitution Governance Act for Basic Education otherwise known as Republic Act 9155 (RA955) which established the Alternative Learning System (ALS).

The official website of the Department of Education (DepEd) in the Philippines describes the reason why these systems were established this way: “Many Filipinos do not have a chance to attend and finish formal basic education (Grades 1-6 and Year 1-4) due to many reasons. Some drop out from schools while some do not have schools in their communities. Since every Filipino has a right to free basic education, the Government establishes ALS to provide all Filipinos the chance to have access to and complete basic education in a mode that fits their distinct situations and needs.”

How does the system work?

The same source explains, “There are two major programs on ALS that are being implemented by the Department of Education, through the Bureau of Alternative Learning System (BALS). One is the Basic Literacy Program and the other is the Continuing Education Program – Accreditation and Equivalency (A&E).  Both programs are modular and flexible. This means that learning can take place anytime and any place, depending on the convenience and availability of the learners.”

The difference between the Formal Education System and the Alternative Education System is that “Formal Education system is classroom-based, managed by trained formal school teachers” while “ALS Non-formal Education happens outside the classroom, community-based, usually conducted at community learning centers, barangay multi-purpose hall, libraries or at home, managed by ALS learning facilitators, such as mobile teachers, district ALS Coordinators, instructional managers at an agreed schedule and venue between the learners and facilitators.”

In the above description the ALS has two sections. The first one is the Basic Literacy Program which is intended for those who have not completed their basic education (Grade 1 to Grade 10). The recent implementation of the K-12 system for the Philippines to comply with global standard added the senior high school level which is Grade 11 and Grade 12. The students’ qualification to graduate (In elementary, secondary or senior high school) is evaluated by series of examinations prepared and administered by the DepEd at designated place and time throughout the country. Outside the Philippines, these are mostly held at Philippine Embassies or Consulates. These examinations will ensure that the students are qualified to enter the next level of their education. As for the Continuing Education Program-Accreditation and Equivalency, the ETEEAP comes into play for students who wish to continue on acquiring tertiary education or higher learning.

In the Philippines the basic education is taken care of by the Department of Education (DepEd) while the Tertiary or higher education is under the supervision and implementation of the Commission on Higher Education (CHEd).

Who benefits from the ETEEAP?

Anyone who has completed secondary education through the Formal Education System (FES) or the Alternative Learning System (ALS) but did not have a chance to either start or complete a college or university degree can benefit from the ETEEAP. Such opportunity to reach one’s education goal has now become possible through this program. But how does the system work? Another article on this site provides more information on this topic.

For comprehensive discussion on ETEEAP, please see the article, What is ETEEAP?

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References:
https://www.deped.gov.ph/k-to-12/inclusive-education/about-alternative-learning-system

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